According to Ãáº¡i Nam nháº¥t thá»‘ng chÃ, in 1653, ChÄƒm King â€“ BÃ Táº¥m â€“ had
his troops pillage the border areas. Lord Nguyá»…n PhÃºc Táº§n sent the
Marquis of HÃ¹ng Lá»™c to fight off the enemies. HÃ¹ng Lá»™c and his troops,
in the dark night, passed over Tháº¡ch Bi mountain and marched up to
Phan Lang (Rang) River. Defeated, the ChÄƒm King had his son present a
letter to Lord Nguyá»…n PhÃºc Táº§n, asking for a peaceful surrender and
offering the stretch of land between the Eastern side of Phan Rang
River and PhÃº YÃªn. The Lord accepted the offered land, which he then
named ThÃ¡i Khang Estate and split it into the two counties of ThÃ¡i
Khang and DiÃªn Ninh with 5 districts: PhÆ°á»›c DiÃªn, Hoa ChÃ¢u, and VÄ©nh
XÆ°Æ¡ng districts (of DiÃªn Ninh County) to the South; TÃ¢n Ãá»‹nh and Quáº£ng
PhÆ°á»›c districts (of ThÃ¡i Khang County) in the North, under HÃ¹ng Lá»™câ€™s
With this establishment of the new Estate, Lord Nguyá»…n virtually annexed the present-day KhÃ¡nh HoÃ to the territories of Ãáº¡i Viá»‡t. This historic event can be seen as a landmark for the formation of the administrative boundaries of present-day KhÃ¡nh HoÃ .
The name of KhÃ¡nh HÃ²a was established in 1832 â€“ the 13th year of King Minh Máº¡ngâ€™s reign. The land consisted of 2 counties and 4 districts. DiÃªn KhÃ¡nh county then included the 2 districts of PhÆ°á»›c Ãiá»n and VÄ©nh XÆ°Æ¡ng; and Ninh HÃ²a County comprises the 2 districts of Quáº£ng PhÆ°á»›c and TÃ¢n Ãá»‹nh. During the Nguyá»…n dynasty, under the French colonialist rule, the central seat of the province was at DiÃªn KhÃ¡nh. By early 1945, Nha Trang Town (now Nha Trang City) became the administrative seat of the province until the present day.
After the total liberation of Southern Vietnam, the two provinces of PhÃº YÃªn and KhÃ¡nh HÃ²a were unified into the new province of PhÃº KhÃ¡nh on October 29, 1975.
On March 30,1977, Nha Trang town was administratively promoted into Nha Trang City.
Session 4 of the Seventh Vietnamese NA decided to annex the island district of TrÆ°á»ng Sa into PhÃº KhÃ¡nh province on December 28, 1982.
Again, on June 30, 1989, Session 4 of the Seventh Vietnamese NA decided to split PhÃº KhÃ¡nh province back into KhÃ¡nh HÃ²a and PhÃº YÃªn provinces.
KhÃ¡nh HÃ²a is a place rich in historical and cultural values.
At present, on top of the CÃ¹ Lao Mount of VÄ©nh PhÆ°á»›c ward in Nha Trang, there still remain the majestic ancient tower temples worshipping the Holy Mother of the Land â€“ Ponagar. This is a worshipping architectural ensemble, largest of its kind in the system of Champa temples, still remaining in Vietnam.
Besides these temples, there are also other Champa relics such as the VÃµ Cáº¡nh stele, dating back to the 3rd-6th centuries A.D. This is one of the most ancient steles found in Vietnam and in the whole South-east Asia; Há»i citdel, Ã”ng Tháº¡ch Temple, ChÃºa Temple, etc. can also be included in the list. Yet, Ponagar Tower Temples in Nha Trang can be seen as most typical of the Champa culture in terms of architecture, sculpture and documentary steles.
Together with these physical cultural relics are non-physical cultural features, of which the most typical is the myth pf Ponagar â€“ The Holy Mother of the Land, the Ponagar festivities, ChÃºa Temple ceremony, the worshipping dances, â€¦ all of which have long gone into the landâ€™s folk songs and poems.
The remains of DiÃªn KhÃ¡nh fortress are also evidence of the physical cultural works. The fortress was built by the landâ€™s forefathers right from the establishment of ThÃ¡i Khang and DiÃªn Ninh Estates in the protection of Southern Central Vietnam, when people began to open the land, upturn the soil, build their hamlets, and expand the territories of the nation to the South.
The system of pagodas and temples scattering in all the hamlets and villages in KhÃ¡nh HÃ²a are still there to worshipping the founding fathers for their merits in helping the people settle their living. The system of the communal houses are proofs of the peopleâ€™s recollection of their origin, serving a basis for the efforts in safeguarding the familyâ€™s renown and reflecting the gratitude towards the forefathers.
The system of Buddhist pagodas, Catholic and Protestant churches, and Cao ÄÃ i temples found everywhere in KhÃ¡nh HÃ²a have contributed much to educating the people towards the good in the pursuit of the â€œTrue â€“ Good â€“ Beautifulâ€.
With the respect for the past and their gratitude, the Viá»‡t generations in KhÃ¡nh HÃ²a have always preserving their forefathersâ€™ precious cultural heritages and creating many new cultural values of great pride.
The conservation and preservation of relics have been of major concern with hundreds of ancient items collected and excavated. These date back from the Stone Age and the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Many items belonging to the war of national protection waged by KhÃ¡nh HÃ²aâ€™s people have been preserved as treasures in the provincial museum.
The cultural-historical relics, the famous beautiful landscapes, the magnificent parks, and impressive monuments shall contribute to forming the physical panoramic picture of a nice, majestic, poetic and rich KhÃ¡nh HÃ²a.
The Resolution of the KhÃ¡nh HoÃ â€™s 14th Party Conference (2001-2005) has set up many objectives in developing the socio-economic setting, formulating major economic programs and projects, in order to exploit to the best all potentials and internal forces to boost up the national industrialization and modernization in an effort to build KhÃ¡nh HÃ²a into a strong province in the region.